Space to Think, a new book celebrating ten years of the Dublin Review of Books More Information 

    Foreign Devils

    David McNeill
    In the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century, thousands of Christian converts and missionaries were executed, some of them crucified. In 1637-8, the government suppressed a rebellion of Catholic Samurai warriors and peasants with great brutality and drove the remaining Christians underground. Suspected converts to the hated foreign contagion were forced to recant or face excruciating death by anazuri   being hung upside down and bled over a pit.